Research

Recently Published

DiNapoli, E. A., Wu, B., & Scogin, F. R. (2014). Social Isolation and cognitive function in Appalachian older adults. Manuscript submitted to Research on Aging. Research on Aging, 36(2), 161-179.

Researchers investigated potential relations between social isolation and cognitive function in Appalachian older.  Results indicated a significant positive association between all predictor variables (e.g., social isolation, and disconnectedness) and outcome variables (e.g., overall cognitive function and memory).

Crowther, M., Scogin, F., Wayde, E., & Austin, A. (2012).  Working with older adults and rural caregivers in rural areas. In K. Bryant Smalley, Jacob C. Warren, and Jackson P.   Rainer (Eds).  Rural Mental Health: Issues, Policies, and Best Practices. Springer   Publishing.  New York (pp. 297-309).   

This chapter examines the intricacies of providing mental health services for older adults in a rural setting.

DiNapoli, E. A., & Scogin, F. (2012). Late-Life Depression.  In K. Pachana (Eds.),Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology.

Aka “The Great American Novel”

 

 

In Press

Crowther, M. & Hyams, A. (In Press). “Racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity,” In The Encyclopedia of Adulthood and Aging, edited by Susan Krauss Whitbourne & Karen A. Roberto.

Consideration of the cultural context can assist health care professionals in understanding diverse health behavior patterns as well as health and service needs in order to provide culturally-competent care. Discusses race, ethnicity, culture, language, SES, mental and physical health, disability, cultural mistrust, familism, religion/spirituality, and LGBT issues.

Hyams, A. & Scogin, F. (In Press). “Reminiscence/Life Review Therapy.” In The Encyclopedia Of Clinical Psychology, edited by Robin L. Cautin and Scott O. Lilienfeld. Malden, Oxford: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Discusses the history and theory behind the therapy, approaches and considerations for conducting it, professionals who use it, settings in which it is carried out, and the current state of its research.

Scogin, F., & Mieskowski, L. (In Press). Evidence-Based Treatments and their Status in Geropsychology. In P. Lichtenberg    (Ed.) APA Handbook for Clinical Geropsychology.

Discusses the current state of Evidence-Based Treatment (EBT) within the field of geropsychology, reviewing EBT within a range of problem areas including: depression, insomnia, anxiety, caregiver distress, memory function, and disruptive behaviors in dementia.

 

 

Submitted

Crowther, M. R., Martin, M. Y., Ford, C. D., Durant, R. W., Fouad, M., Turner, T., Hyams, A., & Allman, R. M. The persistent underrepresentation of older African Americans in research studies: How might we do better?

 Discusses some of the reasons for low participation in research among older African Americans and suggests ways that recruitment could be improved.

DiNapoli, E. A., Breland, L., & Allen, R. A. Staff knowledge and perceptions of sexuality anddementia of older adults in long-term care.

Researchers developed a questionnaire acquiring staff demographics, knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and sexuality, as well as attitudes of sexuality. Many staff characteristics were associated with knowledge of sexuality and dementia, as well as reported prevalence and attitudes of late-life sexuality.

Hyams, A. V., Wayde, E. N., Crowther, M. R., & Scogin, F. R. Does race moderate social support and psychological distress among rural older adults?

This study hypothesized that cultural values of collectivism might make social support more important for African Americans than Caucasians. Results showed that race moderated satisfaction with social support and distress, but Caucasians benefitted from increases in satisfaction more than African Americans.

 

 

In Preparation

 Crowther, M. & Hyams, A.  Associations Between Perceived Discrimination and Mental and Physical Health Among Older African Americans.

This study found that respondents living in urban areas were more likely to report discrimination than rural dwelling participants.  Females reported worse mental and physical health than males. Perceived discrimination was associated with poor mental health even after controlling for gender and residential context.

DiNapoli, E. A., LaRocca, M. & Scogin, F. CBT and BA for Late-Life Depression. In P. Arean & S. Pugh (Eds.), Treatment of Late-Life Depression, Anxiety and Substance Abuse.   

Chapter provides the theoretical background of BA and CBT, as well as works through how it would be implemented using a case study.

DiNapoli, E., LaRocca, M., & Scogin, F. (2012). Cognitive behavior therapy and behavior activation therapy for late life depression. In Areán, P. (Ed.), Advances in the treatment of late life depression, anxiety and substance abuse: behavioral interventions. 

 This chapter provides the state of the art of cognitive behavior therapy and behavior activation for the treatment of depression in older adults. The latest research is reviewed, and a case example is provided to illustrate treatment techniques.

Hyams, A., & Scogin, F. Psychotherapy with Older Adults in Theory and Practice. In B. Bongar & L. E. Beutler (2nd Ed.), Comprehensive Textbook of Psychotherapy: Theory and Practice.

Chapter discusses the history and evolution of psychotherapy with older adults, case conceptualization, issues of diversity, and efficacy and effectiveness. Also provides a case study for illustration.

LaRocca, M. & Scogin, F. (2012). The effects of social support on quality of life in rural older adults receiving CBT: An exploratory study.

This study examines the role of perceived and quantity social support in improving the quality of life in rural older adults, beyond the effects of CBT. The study found that posttreatment social support predicted improvements in quality of life. It appears that social support during the latter part of the course of CBT is more beneficial in improving subjective wellbeing.

LaRocca, M. & Scogin, F. (2012). The role of social support, quality of life, and cognitive status in predicting hopelessness in rural older adults: An exploratory study.

This study explores the role of social support, quality of life, and cognitive status in predicting hopelessness in rural older adults. Preliminary findings suggest that poor quality of life and social support predict hopelessness in rural older adults. Older adults with limited resources may benefit psychologically from enhanced social networks and increased subjective wellbeing.

McKendree-Smith, N. L., Scogin, F., & Mieskowski, L., Cognitive and Behavioral Bibliotherapy for Depression: An Examination of Efficacy and Mediators and Moderators of Change.

 This study examined the efficacy of cognitive and behavioral bibliotherapy therapies in the treatment of mild to moderate depression and potential mediators and moderators of outcome.  Results provide support for cognitive biliotherapy use in treatment of depressive symptoms, but cautions that it may not be appropriate for all.

Rohen, N., Scogin, F., & Mieskowski, L. Analysis of Efficacy and Mediators in Minimal-Contact Cognitive Bibliotherapy used in the Treatment of Depressive Symptoms.

This study evaluates minimal-contact bibliotherapy as presented in Mind Over Mood, a self-help manual, as a treatment of depression.  Treatment mediators were also examined.  Results indicate that treatment was effective, but did not support the hypothesized mediators of learned resourcefulness and hopelessness.

Pardini, J., Scogin, F., Boothby, Domino, Wilson, & LaRocca, M. (2012). Efficacy and process of cognitive bibliotherapy for the treatment of depression in jail and prison inmates.

This two-part study tested the efficacy of cognitive bibliotherapy in reducing depression in jail and prison inmates. In both samples, cognitive bibliotherapy reduced depression, and gains were maintained at follow-up. Results suggest that cognitive bibliotherapy is a cost-effective and efficacious form of treatment for depressed inmates.

 

 

Data Analysis/Collection

 Hear Here, Alabama!

 Adriana’s dissertation is studying the association between hearing impairment and quality of life among older adults who use hearing aids and those who do not. Hearing screenings were conducted in Tuscaloosa and surrounding rural counties, and participants reported on their social support, physical functioning, general health, and mental health. The data collected is currently being scored.